Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

What is IPM (Integrated Pest Management)?

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an agricultural movement growing rapidly throughout the world. With a basic goal of enabling farmers to make more informed decisions in managing their crops, IPM is making significant inroads into the concurrent health, environmental and economic costs. At the same time, IPM programs are transforming practices in adult education and agricultural extension, fostering practical, learner-centered and action research-oriented learning approaches, while empowering farmers as increasingly sophisticated researchers and agricultural experts.

IPM in Primary Schools

TEF pioneered the use of IPM methods in Thai primary education. Beginning with sixth level students in Wat Nong Moo School, Nakhorn Sawan province, the effort attracted the attention of high-level and national media. Initially displeased at seeing their children spending school hours in the rice field, parents soon became supportive and often joined the activities themselves when their children became more motivated, interested and involved in school activities.

With TEF technical and training support, a curriculum, materials and teacher training program have been developed. The curriculum includes applied learning activities in environment, mathematics, science, art, language and life experiences. The program supported over 50 schools in Nakornsawan, Chiangrai and Chachoengsao provinces involving both rice and vegetables IPM programs.


  • Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Ministry of Education (MOE)
  • Office of the National Primary Education Commission, MOE
  • FAO Inter-Country Program in Rice IPM


1995 – 2000

It's fun to study out of the classroom. I enjoy looking for insects and learning about them.
11 year-old student in Nakhorn Sawan Province


We think our students can help transfer the idea of chemical-free farming to their parents.
School teacher in Nakhornsawan Province

IPM in Non-Formal Education

In 1998, TEF, together with the Department of Non-Formal Education (DNFE) and the FAO Inter-Country Program in Rice IPM, conducted the first full-season Training of Trainers (TOT) for rice IPM in Thailand. Participants were vocational and general education contract teacher, and provincial NFE officials. Also, with the DNFE and the FAO Inter-Country Program in Vegetable IPM, a second TOT was initiated for IPM in cabbage crops later that year.

After completing these three and four-month training courses, the participants conducted field studies and field schools with farmers’ groups, meeting each week throughout the cropping season.

These programs are unique in that they are the first to combine IPM with an adult education agency. Furthermore, the DNFE holds the IPM training program as a key in its overall efforts to render its programs more responsive to adult learners’ immediate needs.

Ultimately, the aim is to have solid IPM-based curricula functioning in NFE high-school equivalency, vocational education degree, and short-term vocational education courses throughout the nation.

IPM field schools will lead the way to a reform of non-formal education.
World Education
Department of Non-formal Education, MOE


  • FAO Inter-Country Program in Rice IPM
  • FAO Inter-Country Program in Vegetable IPM
  • Department of Non-formal Education, MOE


1998 – present

IPM in Agriculture and Technology College

The Division of the Agricultural College, the Department of Vocational Education, with the aims to improve the learning process the emphasis on learners’ center and to strengthen the capacity to develop responsive local agricultural curricula, joined the IPM programme in 1998. The division and participating colleges had announced the policy to promote IPM curriculum for students and is planning for further expansion. Currently, there are 35 out of the 47 colleges trained and implementing the IPM courses in rice and vegetables.


  • FAO Inter-Country Program in Rice IPM
  • The Division of the Agricultural College


1998 – present